100 Years 100 Buildings

John Hill

Despite being an architecture fan, I was delighted to find in this book a number of buildings and architects that I wasn’t familiar with. There were certainly some of the biggest and most familiar names – Frank Lloyd Wright, Atoni Gaudi and Oscar Niemeyer and their well known projects – the New York and Bilbao Guggenheim museums, Fallingwaters – but also plenty of smaller buildings. Despite being lesser known internationally, these buildings and their designers were unique and innovative trendsetters. Shockingly new and iconic buildings include The Tjibaou Cultural Centre in Nouméa, New Caledonia (near New Zealand), Kandalama Hotel in the jungles of Dambulla, Sri Lanka, and the Church of the Light, Ibaraki-shi, Osaka, Japan.

100 Years 100 Buildings was clearly written for the neophyte interested in dipping a toe into the vast subject of architecture. Each building is given a one page description and one or two images. While this keeps the book concise, it doesn’t do justice to the many aspects of these buildings. Additionally, some photos are close-up details or framed in such a way to make it hard to distinguish the topic. However, most are large and clear exterior shots. An excellent starter book on learning more about some of the most influential and lovely buildings in the last 100 years.

Here’s a complete list, for those who want to know more:

Year-by-Year Bibliography for 100 Years, 100 Buildings by John Hill (Prestel, 2016)
1916 Holland House | Hendrik Petrus Berlage | London, England
1917 Güell Colony Crypt | Antoni Gaudí | Barcelona, Spain
1918 Hallidie Building | Willis Polk | San Francisco, California, United States
1919 Helsinki Railroad Station | Eliel Saarinen | Helsinki, Finland
1920 Het Schip | Michel de Klerk | Amsterdam, The Netherlands
1921 Einstein Tower | Erich Mendelsohn | Potsdam, Germany
1922 Schindler House | Rudolph M. Schindler | Los Angeles, California, United States
1923 Notre Dame du Raincy | Auguste Perret | Raincy, France
1924 Rietveld Schröder House | Gerrit Rietveld | Utrecht, Netherlands
1925 Pavillon de L’Esprit Nouveau | Le Corbusier | Bologna, Italy
1926 Bauhaus Dessau | Walter Gropius | Dessau, Germany
1927 Grundtvig Church | Peder Vilhelm Jensen-Klint | Copenhagen, Denmark
1928 Goetheanum | Rudolf Steiner | Dornach, Switzerland
1929 Barcelona Pavilion | Ludwig Mies van der Rohe | Barcelona, Spain
1930 Tugendhat House | Ludwig Mies van der Rohe | Brno, Czech Republic
1931 Villa Savoye | Le Corbusier | Poissy, France
1932 PSFS | Howe and Lescaze | Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
1933 Schminke House | Hans Scharoun | Loebau, Germany
1934 Isokon, Lawn Road Flats | Wells Coates | London, England
1935 De La Warr Pavilion | Erich Mendelsohn and Serge Chermayeff | Bexhill-on-Sea,
England
1936 Casa del Fascio | Giuseppe Terragni | Como, Italy
1937 Taliesin West | Frank Lloyd Wright | Scottsdale, Arizona, United States
1938 Fallingwater | Frank Lloyd Wright | Mill Run, Pennsylvania, United States
1939 Villa Mairea | Alvar Aalto | Noormarkku, Finland
1940 Woodland Cemetery | Gunnar Asplund and Sigurd Lewerentz | Enskede, Sweden
1941 National and University Library | Jože Plečnik | Ljubljana, Slovenia
1942 Cranbrook Academy of Art | Eliel Saarinen | Bloomfield Hills, Michigan, United States
1943 Ministry of Education and Health | Le Corbusier and Lúcio Costa | Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
1944 Solimar Building | Manuel Copado | Havana, Cuba
1945 Casa Sobre el Arroyo | Amancio Williams | Mar del Plata, Argentina
1946 Dymaxion Dwelling Machine | R. Buckminster Fuller | Dearborn, Michigan, United States
1947 Pampulha | Oscar Niemeyer | Belo Horizonte, Brazil
1948 Barragán House | Luis Barragán | Mexico City, Mexico
1949 Glass House | Philip Johnson | New Canaan, Connecticut, United States
1950 Johnson Wax Buildings | Frank Lloyd Wright | Racine, Wisconsin, United States
1951 Farnsworth House | Ludwig Mies van der Rohe | Plano, Illinois, United States
1952 Säynätsalo Town Hall | Alvar Aalto | Säynätsalo, Finland
1953 University City of Caracas | Carlos Raúl Villanueva | Caracas, Venezuela
1954 Mill Owners’ Association Building | Le Corbusier | Ahmedabad, India
1955 Notre Dame du Haut | Le Corbusier | Ronchamp, France
1956 S. R. Crown Hall | Ludwig Mies van der Rohe | Chicago, Illinois, United States
1957 Miller House and Garden | Eero Saarinen | Columbus, Indiana, United States
1958 Seagram Building | Ludwig Mies van der Rohe | New York City, United States
1959 Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum | Frank Lloyd Wright | New York City, United States
1960 Church of Christ the Worker | Eladio Dieste | Atlántida, Uruguay
1961 Saint John’s Abbey Church | Marcel Breuer | Collegevill, Minnesota, United States
1962 Nordic Pavilion | Sverre Fehn | Venice, Italy
1963 Yale Art and Architecture Building | Paul Rudolph | New Haven, Connecticut, United States
1964 Yoyogi National Gymnasium | Kenzō Tange | Tokyo, Japan
1965 Salk Institute | Louis I. Kahn | San Diego, California, United States
1966 Bank of London and South America | Clorindo Testa and SEPRA | Buenos Aires,
Argentina
1967 Habitat 67 | Moshe Safdie | Montreal, Canada
1968 Ford Foundation | Kevin Roche John Dinkeloo and Associates | New York City, United States
1969 Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism, University of São Paulo | Joao Batista Vilanova Artigas and Carlos Cascaldi | São Paulo, Brazil
1970 Cathedral of Brasilia | Oscar Niemeyer | Brasilia, Brazil
1971 Phillips Exeter Academy Library | Louis I. Kahn | Exeter, New Hampshire, United States
1972 Kimbell Art Museum | Louis I. Kahn | Fort Worth, Texas, United States
1973 Sydney Opera House | Jørn Utzon | Sydney, Australia
1974 Hedmark County Museum | Sverre Fehn | Hamar, Norway
1975 Multihalle | Frei Otto | Mannheim, Germany
1976 Bagsværd Church | Jørn Utzon | Bagsværd, Denmark
1977 Centre Georges Pompidou | Renzo Piano and Richard Rogers | Paris, France
1978 Brion-Vega Cemetery | Carlo Scarpa | San Vito d’Altivole, Italy
1979 The Atheneum | Richard Meier | New Harmony, Indiana, United States
1980 Thorncrown Chapel | E. Fay Jones | Eureka Springs, Arkansas, United States
1981 Hajj Terminal | Skidmore, Owings & Merrill | Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
1982 SESC Pompeia | Lino Bo Bardi | São Paulo, Brazil
1983 National Assembly Building | Louis I. Kahn | Dhaka, Bangladesh
1984 Neue Staatsgalerie | James Stirling Michael Wilford and Associates | Stuttgart,
1985 Hongkong and Shanghai Bank Headquarters | Norman Foster | Hong Kong, China
1986 National Museum of Roman Art | Rafael Moneo | Mérida, Spain
1987 Institut du Monde Arabe | Jean Nouvel | Paris, France
1988 Brazilian Museum of Sculpture | Paulo Mendes da Rocha | São Paulo, Brazil
1989 Church of the Light | Tadao Ando | Ibaraki-shi, Osaka, Japan
1990 Stadelhofen Station | Santiago Calatrava | Zürich, Switzerland
1991 Sainsbury Wing, National Gallery | Robert Venturi Denise Scott Brown Associates,  London, England
1992 Kunsthal | Office for Metropolitan Architecture | Rotterdam, The Netherlands
1993 Vitra Fire Station | Zaha Hadid | Weil am Rhein, Germany
1994 Bowali Visitor Center | Glenn Murcutt and Troppo Architects | Kakadu National Park, Australia
1995 Kandalama Hotel | Geoffrey Bawa | Dambulla, Sri Lanka
1996 Therme Vals | Peter Zumthor | Vals, Switzerland
1997 Guggenheim Museum Bilbao | Frank Gehry | Bilbao, Spain
1998 Tjibaou Cultural Center | Renzo Piano Building Workshop | Nouméa, New Caledonia
1999 Jewish Museum Berlin | Daniel Libeskind | Berlin, Germany
2000 Sendai Mediatheque | Toyo Ito | Sendai, Japan
2001 Eden Project | Nicholas Grimshaw | Bodelva, England
2002 Bibliotheca Alexandrina | Snøhetta | Alexandria, Egypt
2003 Selfridges | Future Systems | Birmingham, England
2004 Scottish Parliament | Enric Miralles and Benedetta Tagliabue | Edinburgh, Scotland
2005 De Young Museum | Herzog & de Meuron | San Francisco, California, United States
2006 Glass Pavilion, Toledo Art Museum | SANAA | Toledo, Ohio, United States
2007 Bloch Building, Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art | Steven Holl | Kansas City, Missouri, United States
2008 Iberê Camargo Foundation Museum | Álvaro Siza | Porto Alegre, Brazil
2009 Aqua Tower | Studio Gang Architects | Chicago, Illinois, United States
2010 MAXXI | Zaha Hadid Architects | Rome, Italy
2011 Metropol Parasol | Jürgen Mayer H. | Seville, Spain
2012 CCTV Headquarters | Office for Metropolitan Architecture | Beijing, China
2013 Xiangshan Campus, China Academy of Art | Amateur Architecture Studio | Hangzhou, China
2014 Markthal | MVRDV | Rotterdam, The Netherlands
2015 The Broad | Diller Scofidio + Renfro | Los Angeles, California, United States

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